Facts about eating disorders

Bron : http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/p.asp?WebPage_ID=539

Facts about Eating Disorders

By Pauline S. Powers, M.D.,
University of South Florida, College of Medicine
Board of Trustees, National Eating Disorders Association
Founding President, Academy for Eating Disorders

In the United States, eating disorders are more common than Alzheimer's Disease. Five to ten million people have eating disorders compared to 4 million with Alzheimer's disease.

 

Anorexia nervosa is more expensive to treat than schizophrenia.
The average cost of direct medical expenses for treating anorexia nervosa is $6,045/year compared to $4,824/year for schizophrenia.

 

The average direct medical costs for treating eating disorder patients in the United States is currently between $5 - 6 billion per year and the global cost of anti-psychotic medication is $7 billion per year.
This is in spite of the fact that eating disorders are tremendously under-reported and under-treated.

 

Anorexia nervosa has the highest premature mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder.
The majority of deaths are due to physiological complications. The longer the disease, the higher the premature mortality rate.

 

Although recovery from anorexia nervosa is often protracted nearly a decade, the outcome of treatment is better than for obesity or breast cancer.

 

References

Crow SJ, Peterson CB: The economic and social burden of eating disorders. Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry. World Psychiatric Association, in press.
Lacey JV Jr, Devesa SS, Brinton LA: Recent trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality. Environ Mol Mutagen 39:82-88, 2001.
McDowell I: Alzheimer's disease: insights from epidemiology. Aging (Milano) 13:143-162, 2001.
Striegel-Moore RH, Leslie D, Petrill SA, et al: One-year use and cost of inpatient and outpatient services among female and male patients with an eating disorder: evidence from a national database of health insurance claims. Int J Eat Disord 27:381-389, 2000.
Strober M, Freeman R, Morrell W: The long-term course of severe anorexia nervosa in adolescents: survival analysis of recovery, relapse, and outcome predictors over 10-15 years in a prospective study. Int J Eat Disord 22:339-360, 1997.
Tamminga CA, Lieberman JA: Schizophrenia research series: from molecule to public policy. Biol Psychiatry 46:3, 1999.

 

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